Aims of the study
This project addresses the multidisciplinary study (biotic and
geochemical markers) of the EECs comprised between the end of
the early Barremian and part of the early Aptian (Early Cretaceous).
This includes two of the EECs that have received the least attention
so far: the Mid-Barremian Episode (MBE) and the Taxy Episode (TE).
together with the initial stages of the widespread Early Aptian
Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a (OAE 1a)
The starting hypothesis is that all these EECs could be related to
each other, and be the response of the Earth System to climatic
changes. These climatic changes could be related to pulses or
increases in the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere,
which occurred during the Barremian – early Aptian interval, and
culminated in the OAE 1a Episode
I+D+i Project, funded by Plan Andaluz de Investigación, Desarrollo e
Innovación (PAIDI 2020).
Consejería de Transformación Económica, Industria, Conocimiento y
Universidades. Junta de Andalucía.
Several stratigraphic sections, deposited in pelagic / hemipelagic
marine environments, were selected in the Betic Cordillera on the
basis of their apparently continuous record throughout the study
interval and the previous recognition of MBE, TE and OAE 1a
• Field sampling.
• Biostratigraphic analysis using different fossil groups (ammonites,
calcareous nanofossils, planktonic foraminifera).
• Determination of carbonate content, stable C and O isotopes,
total organic carbon (TOC), geochemistry of major and trace
elements with environmental significance, and biomarker
• Quantitative analysis of calcareous nanofossil assemblages and
determination of nutrient and temperature indices. Echo-
stratigraphic analysis of the ammonite assemblages and planktonic
Episodes of accelerated environmental
change during the Barremian and basal
Aptian: preludes of the OAE 1a
The Jurassic and Cretaceous oceanic anoxic events (OAEs) represent episodes of global climate / environmental change characterized by the
development of generalized anoxic / dysoxic conditions in marine environments and the deposition of organic matter in sediments. Their
relationship with global disturbances in the carbon cycle has been established through several studies. Much less attention have received those
episodes of accelerated environmental change (EECs), which involved disturbances of the carbon cycle that did not cause widespread anoxia /
dysoxia in marine environments. This lack of attention is not, however, justified in its lack of importance, since they were characterized by
environmental and climatic conditions of greenhouse effect that, apart from affecting the marine biota, were marked as disturbances of the carbon
cycle and also left their own geochemical imprints on the sedimentary record
PY20_00783 Research Project
Integrating biotic and geochemical data in La